Weapon Checklist: gun security

Checking the shotgun

Checking the battle of a gun is, first of all, checking the accuracy of the battle and the uniformity of the shot scree. Shooting at the same time is carried out at a distance of 35 m at a hundred-dollar target with cartridges with shot No. 7 or No. 5 (standard charge of 5-10 pieces in a series). Weapon Checklist: gun security

The accuracy of the battle is the percentage of the number of pellets that hit the target to the total amount of shot in the cartridge. Approximately in a 12-gauge gun, a cylinder gives an accuracy of 30-35%, an improved cylinder -35-45%, a pay -50-55%, a full choke -60-65%, a strong choke -70% or more. It must be taken into account that the accuracy of the battle depends not only on the size of the muzzle constriction, but also on the method of loading cartridges. Weapon Checklist: gun security

The uniformity of the shot scree is checked by the number of pellets that fell into individual parts of the target. With a hundred-shot target and shot 7 (about 380 shots in the projectile), the number of shots in each share for an ideal scree will be 3 – 4 pieces. Since the aiming point may not coincide with the point of impact, the average point of impact is determined in each series, which is taken as the center of the target for counting holes. Weapon Checklist: gun security

The sharpness of the battle is checked by shooting at dry pine boards at a temperature of + 15-20 ° C. If the grains enter the tree at 3-4 of their diameters, the sharpness is good, if the shot only sticks to the surface, then the sharpness is unsatisfactory. Weapon Checklist: gun security

Shooting a gun

Shooting a gun is shooting a gun with the cartridges that will be used for hunting, at a distance at which it is supposed to shoot game, i.e. zeroing the gun is necessary to determine the practical capabilities of the gun and the selection of cartridges for specific hunts.

The sighting of a gun and checking its battle must be carried out either in places specially designated for these purposes (sighting sites), or in ravines, ditches, etc.; in exceptional cases – in places that are clearly visible at a direct shot distance. In the grounds, zeroing is allowed only during the hunting period if there are documents for the right to hunt; the main task of sighting is to find the optimal ratio of accuracy and sharpness of the battle, since these indicators are interrelated: an increase in accuracy leads to a decrease in sharpness and vice versa. Weapon Checklist: gun security

Hunting shotguns are fired at a distance of 35 m: the barrels of double-barreled guns are soldered at a certain angle to each other, their extended axes intersect at a distance of about 35 m from the muzzle, and at a distance of more than 35 m, the center of the shot scree from the right barrel goes to the left, and from the left trunk – to the right, and the farther the distance, the greater the deviation. The aiming distance itself of 35 m was not chosen by chance: it is at this distance that the minimum energy of the flying shot necessary to hit the game is preserved (average shot numbers). Weapon Checklist: gun security

Therefore, it is recommended to shoot an animal and a bird at a distance of no more than 35 m. Shooting an animal or a bird at a distance of more than 35 m, the hunter actually turns into a poacher, since he does not catch, but only maims the game, leaves a lot of wounded animals in the grounds.

Applicability of the gun

The applicability of a gun is its ability, when thrown to the shoulder, to constantly align the aiming line of the gun (a line passing from the front sight in the middle of the aiming bar and in the middle of the upper edge of the receiver shield) with the shooter’s line of sight going from the shooter’s eye to the aiming point.

A gun can be applied if: the length of the shooter’s forearm corresponds to the length of the stock; the butt died in the vertical plane – the height of the pupil above the clavicle of the hunter’s shoulder (the length of his neck); lateral withdrawal of the butt to the left or right – the width of the chest and shoulders of the hunter; the angle between the plane of the back of the butt and the continuation of the sighting line of the gun – the shape of the pectoral muscle of the hunter and the purpose of the gun (for shooting at ground or air targets). Weapon Checklist: gun security

When choosing a gun in a store, you should stop at the copy that will require the least correction of the stock in the future according to the constitution of the shooter. The length of the stock will be more or less suitable if, bending the right arm at the elbow, clasping the neck of the stock with the fingers and resting the back of the butt in the elbow bend, the hunter freely places the index finger in the middle of the nail phalanx on the front trigger.

The gun should also be well balanced: its center of gravity should be approximately 70-75 mm from the breech of the barrels. Weapon Checklist: gun security

Trunks of smoothbore guns and their device

The barrel(s) is a relatively thin-walled steel tube. It serves to place the projectile and charge, to accelerate the projectile and direct it to the target.

The inner part of the barrel is called the channel and is divided into three parts: the breech (rear), the barrel itself (from the breech to the muzzle) and the muzzle (front). In the breech of the bore there is a section expanded in diameter – the chamber, where a unitary cartridge is placed when loading. Most often, the length of the chamber is 70 mm. Between the chamber and the bore there is a projectile inlet called the transitional cone. It allows the use of shells without their exact match to the length of the chamber and forms a shot shell as it passes from the shell to the bore. The length of the transition cone is from 10 to 30 mm, and for good guns from 15 to 20 mm.

Next comes the bore itself, which has a certain diameter, called the caliber. The caliber is denoted by the number of round (ball) bullets cast from one pound of pure lead in an even count, exactly corresponding to the bore diameter of 220 mm from its breech cut. The muzzle consists of a transitional cone and a choke or choke. The muzzle constriction “pulls out” the shot shell, contributes to its compact flight in airspace, increasing the range and accuracy of the shot hitting the target. Modern shotguns have ten different types of muzzle(s) (cylinder, Parker choke, reverse taper cylinder, reverse taper constriction, paradox, etc.). In domestic guns, the muzzle constrictions range from 0.25 to 1.25 mm.

The value of the choke is determined by the difference between the diameter of the barrel in front of the choke and the inner diameter of the muzzle. For example, if the bore diameter is 18.5 mm and the internal diameter of the muzzle is 18 mm, then the choke value will be 0.5 mm. The length of the barrels of most guns ranges from 650 to 750 mm. In double-barreled guns, the barrels are connected into a single block by soldering or fastening into couplings. An aiming bar or rear sight is placed on the trunks.

Shot and buckshot

Shot is lead (rarely steel) balls of various diameters depending on the shot number. Lead shot is soft, made from almost pure lead, and hard (clad) from an alloy of lead with antimony. Hard shot is better than soft shot – it is less deformed and erased in the bore, as a result of which the accuracy and range of the shot increase. Even stronger is steel shot, which is widely used in the United States and in some European countries, but shooting with steel shot has a number of features that are hardly acceptable to hunters who are accustomed to traditional methods of loading cartridges and aiming. In our country, lead shot is produced in 15 numbers: from No. 11 to No. 1, then from 0 to 0000. Each shot number differs from the next by 0.25 mm in diameter. The smallest fraction No. 11 has a diameter of 1.5 mm, and the largest – 0000 – diameter,

Buckshot – the same lead balls, only larger. Buckshot has no numbers and differs in diameters in millimeters. In Russia, buckshot is produced with a diameter of 5.25 to 10.0 mm. Buckshot is prohibited from shooting at elk, red deer and, in some cases, wild boar.

Bullets for shotguns.

  • Bullets for smooth-bore hunting rifles are divided into the 4 types; Weapon Checklist: gun security
  • Round bullets do not have any devices to ensure stability in flight.
  • Arrow-type bullets have a heavy head and a lighter stabilizer shank that prevents them from tumbling in flight.
  • Turbine-type bullets have a longitudinal through channel with ribs inside, which gives the bullet a rotational movement around the longitudinal axis in flight and ensures its stability in flight.
  • Bullets of arrow-turbine type have ribs not inside the channel, but on the outer surface of the bullet, combining the design features of both arrow and turbine bullets.

Bullets are used for hunting large game. Elk, deer, wild boar are shot with a bullet; wolf, lynx, roe deer – buckshot. When shooting piglets or gilts, buckshot is allowed.

Weapon Care

To care for a weapon, it is necessary to have a ramrod, a visher, metal and bristle caliber brushes for removing lead and carbon deposits in the barrels, a puff for lubrication, pointed sticks for cleaning the grooves and cutouts of the gun, oilers for neutral and alkaline oils and the oils themselves.

Shotgun cleaning is carried out immediately after each hunt and periodically once a month. First, part of the soot is removed with a rag wound around the visher, then cleaning is continued with a metal brush moistened with oil, while the soot and lead are removed. Can only be cleaned with a bristle brush if the barrels are not leaded. Weapon Checklist: gun security

After that, the trunks are wiped with a rag and lubricated. If alkaline oil is used, then wiping with a rag is carried out especially carefully, and then lubricated with neutral oil. Heavily soiled trunks are sometimes cleaned by pouring hot soapy water into them. Soot and dirt are removed from the castle part with rags and sharp sticks, lubricated, making sure that the oil does not get on the wooden parts.

Weapon Checklist

  1. Ensure gun is unloaded before handling.
  2. Store guns in a secure, locked cabinet or safe.
  3. Store ammunition separately from guns.
  4. Use a gun lock on all firearms when not in use.
  5. Teach safe gun handling and storage practices to all family members.
  6. Use gun safety rules at all times.
  7. Regularly inspect firearms for signs of wear and tear.
  8. Practice proper cleaning and maintenance of firearms.
  9. Be aware of and follow all local, state, and federal gun laws.
  10. Never leave a gun unattended.

Leave a Comment

Item added to cart.
0 items - $0.00